buildings of india

vectorial terminus

The station was eventually rebuilt as the Victoria Terminus, named after the then reigning Queen, and has been subsequently renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CSTM) after the 17th-century king. The shortened name is now CST.

This building designed by British architect Frederick William Stevens is still in use and largely intact, but has been expanded to handle additional traffic with new buildings in keeping with the original design. Today it is used by over three million people, serving both long-distance and local suburban passenger services into the city centre and is located at the intersection of several major roads.

Beneath the principal dome, the original station’s main feature, surmounted by a statue representing progress, are pointed arches, turrets, rose windows and columns with lavish displays of Neo-Gothic ornamentation and surfaces decorated with sculptures, coloured glass, glazed tiles and ironwork. Under British supervision, carvings were crafted by Indian craftsmen and plants and animal models were made from flowers. Peacocks, cobras, lions and tigers are among the many creatures decorating the building and its grounds. The plan of Stevens’s station is C-shaped with the dome at the centre and two wings around a garden. Its north wing is attached to the 1,200ft-long train shed.